Data Science for Managers: Programming Languages

By ActiveWizards Programming languages are a tool for the realization of many powerful data science applications.

But, there are so many of them and it has become confusing to choose the optimal one for your specific project.

In this article, we are going to talk about popular languages for Data Science and briefly describe each of them.

    Python is a modern, general-purpose, high-level, dynamic programming language.

It can be used for integrating with web apps or incorporate statistics code into a production database.

There are a lot of libraries, which can be used for analysis.

Pros:Cons:Top 20 Python libraries for data science in 2018   R is a programming language that was created for statistical analysis.

That’s why it is cutting-edge in data science.

We can extend the functionality of the base R language by software libraries called packages.

The most popular package repository is the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN).

Now, it contains over 10,000 packages that are published.

Pros:Cons:Top 20 R Libraries for Data Science in 2018 [Infographic]    Scala is well-known as a scalable language.

It combines object-oriented languages and functional languages features.

The Scala has amazing concurrency support, which is fundamental in parallelizing a lot of the processes which large datasets demand.

Pros:Cons:Top 15 Scala Libraries for Data Science in 2018Here is our article with a Comparison of top data science libraries for Python, R and Scala [Infographic]   Julia is a high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language for numerical computing.

Sophisticated compiler, numerical accuracy, distributed parallel execution, and an extensive mathematical function library make Julia popular for data science.

Its Base library is mostly written in Julia itself.

Pros:Cons:    Matlab is well-known as numerical computing language which can be used both in educational and industrial purposes.

Matlab can solve problems in multiple disciplines, such as product optimization design, spectrum and time series analysis of data, signal process, statistical data analysis and model formulation, and image processing.

Pros:Cons:   Octave is a high-level programming language for numerical computations.

It helps to solve linear and nonlinear problems numerically and to perform other tasks by using language that is practically similar to MATLAB.

Octave is one of the major free alternatives to MATLAB.

Octave uses an interpreter to execute the Octave scripting language.

Pros:Cons:   All in all.

it’s up to you to choose a programming language.

Our advice is to think about the purpose of your application, whether you plan future integration, etc.

After that, you can choose the most suitable option.

  ActiveWizards is a team of data scientists and engineers, focused exclusively on data projects (big data, data science, machine learning, data visualizations).

Areas of core expertise include data science (research, machine learning algorithms, visualizations and engineering), data visualizations ( d3.

js, Tableau and other), big data engineering (Hadoop, Spark, Kafka, Cassandra, HBase, MongoDB and other), and data intensive web applications development (RESTful APIs, Flask, Django, Meteor).


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