In the previous post, I said that Lissajous curves are the result of plotting a curve whose x and y coordinates come from (undamped) harmonic oscillators.

If we add a little bit of dampening, multiplying our cosine terms by negative exponentials, the resulting curve is called a harmonograph.

Here’s a bit of Mathematica code to draw harmonographs.

harmonograph[f1_, f2_, ph1_, ph2_, d1_, d2_, T_] := ParametricPlot[{ Cos[f1 t + ph1] Exp[-d1 t], Cos[f2 t + ph2] Exp[-d2 t] }, {t, 0, T}] For example, harmonograph[3, 4, 0, Sqrt[2], 0.

01, 0.

02, 100] is a slight variation on one of the curves from the previous post, adding dampening terms exp(-0.

01t) and exp(-0.

01t).

The result is the following.

You can get a wide variety of graphs by playing with the parameters.

A couple years ago I wrote about an attempt to reproduce the background of the image in the poster for Alfred Hitchcock’s movie Vertigo.

The curve is another example of a harmonograph.

Related posts Lissajous curves and Lissajous knots Recreating the Vertigo poster Four part series on mechanical vibrations.. More details