Laravel 5.7 — Basic Routing

Laravel 5.

7 — Basic RoutingMohammad JavedBlockedUnblockFollowFollowingDec 13, 2018So now you are wondering how do I get into Laravel and build some pages and URLs.

Well by the end of this article you will leave knowing what basic routing is and how to get it up and running in your project.

But before diving right into the deep end and drowning, let’s take a look at some of the commands that will be used.

In the terminal enter the following command;php artisan Artisan is the built-in command into Laravel, this will give you a list of all the commands that are available to you, don’t worry though, some of the commands will make sense once you start using them.

Below is a list of the commands that show up once that command has been executed.

Usage: command [options] [arguments]Options: -h, — help Display this help message -q, — quiet Do not output any message -V, — version Display this application version — ansi Force ANSI output — no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, — no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question — env[=ENV] The environment the command should run under -v|vv|vvv, — verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debugAvailable commands: clear-compiled Remove the compiled class file down Put the application into maintenance mode dump-server Start the dump server to collect dump information.

env Display the current framework environment help Displays help for a command inspire Display an inspiring quote list Lists commands migrate Run the database migrations optimize Cache the framework bootstrap files preset Swap the front-end scaffolding for the application serve Serve the application on the PHP development server tinker Interact with your application up Bring the application out of maintenance mode app app:name Set the application namespace auth auth:clear-resets Flush expired password reset tokens cache cache:clear Flush the application cache cache:forget Remove an item from the cache cache:table Create a migration for the cache database table config config:cache Create a cache file for faster configuration loading config:clear Remove the configuration cache file db db:seed Seed the database with records event event:generate Generate the missing events and listeners based on registration key key:generate Set the application key make make:auth Scaffold basic login and registration views and routes make:channel Create a new channel class make:command Create a new Artisan command make:controller Create a new controller class make:event Create a new event class make:exception Create a new custom exception class make:factory Create a new model factory make:job Create a new job class make:listener Create a new event listener class make:mail Create a new email class make:middleware Create a new middleware class make:migration Create a new migration file make:model Create a new Eloquent model class make:notification Create a new notification class make:observer Create a new observer class make:policy Create a new policy class make:provider Create a new service provider class make:request Create a new form request class make:resource Create a new resource make:rule Create a new validation rule make:seeder Create a new seeder class make:test Create a new test class migrate migrate:fresh Drop all tables and re-run all migrations migrate:install Create the migration repository migrate:refresh Reset and re-run all migrations migrate:reset Rollback all database migrations migrate:rollback Rollback the last database migration migrate:status Show the status of each migration notifications notifications:table Create a migration for the notifications table optimize optimize:clear Remove the cached bootstrap files package package:discover Rebuild the cached package manifest queue queue:failed List all of the failed queue jobs queue:failed-table Create a migration for the failed queue jobs database table queue:flush Flush all of the failed queue jobs queue:forget Delete a failed queue job queue:listen Listen to a given queue queue:restart Restart queue worker daemons after their current job queue:retry Retry a failed queue job queue:table Create a migration for the queue jobs database table queue:work Start processing jobs on the queue as a daemon route route:cache Create a route cache file for faster route registration route:clear Remove the route cache file route:list List all registered routes schedule schedule:finish Handle the completion of a scheduled command schedule:run Run the scheduled commands session session:table Create a migration for the session database table storage storage:link Create a symbolic link from “public/storage” to “storage/app/public” vendor vendor:publish Publish any publishable assets from vendor packages view view:cache Compile all of the application’s Blade templates view:clear Clear all compiled view filesThere are quite a few commands but don’t worry at all, you may not end up using all of them.

In the early steps of using Laravel for the first time, you will end up spending most of your time in routes/web.

phpLet’s take a look at the web.

php file in your code editor.

With some basic understanding of programming, you should be able to tell quite quickly what the route is doing.

Route::get(‘/’, function () { return view(‘welcome’);});So Laravel is telling the browser to make a GET request, the ‘/’ is the homepage URL and we then tell the function to return the view ‘welcome’.

Sounds very simple, doesn't it?Here is some basic information on routing from the official Laravel website;All Laravel routes are defined in your route files, which are located in the routes directory.

These files are automatically loaded by the framework.

The routes/web.

php file defines routes that are for your web interface.

These routes are assigned the web middleware group, which provides features like session state and CSRF protection.

The routes in routes/api.

php are stateless and are assigned the api middleware group.

For most applications, you will begin by defining routes in your routes/web.

php file.

The routes defined in routes/web.

php may be accessed by entering the defined route's URL in your browser.

For example, you may access the following route by navigating to http://your-app.

test/user in your browserEDITING THE WELCOME PAGETo get to the welcome page, you will need to go to /resources/views/welcome.


phpThis is where you will find the HTML and styling for the page.

Let’s update the heading “Laravel” to “Learning Laravel”.

<div class=”title m-b-md”>Learning Laravel</div>Now refresh the page in the browser to see if that change has been reflected.

The title has now been updated after making the change in the source codeVoila — you have now mastered the first step in locating a view and making a change to it that is reflected in the browser.

Give yourself a pat on the back!CREATING YOUR OWN ROUTELet’s finish off by creating a route of our own, head over back to /routes/web.

php copy the current route and set a URL and a view for it to return.

Let me show you how to create an about route inside the file.

Route::get(‘/about’, function () { return view(‘about’);});We are telling the route to get the following URL which is /about and then to return a view called ‘about’.

It’s good practice to keep the name of the URL and View the same to avoid any confusions.

It wouldn't make sense if you had a URL ‘about’ and the view was called ‘random’.

Try navigating to /about in the browser?.Oops!.What’s gone on here?View not found error in LaravelLaravel is telling us that there is no view about created so it cannot, therefore, load it.

Go back to your project folder, head over into /resources/views/ and create a file called about.



You have to include the word blade when creating a view as it’s Laravel templating engine that is being used to render the file.

Once that has been created, add some HTML to the page and then reload the page in the browser, this will get rid of the error message and return the HTML for the about page.

There you go — the about page is now accessible and working!We now need to set up a navigation of links so we can access the homepage and the about page.

Go to the welcome.


php and insert a hyperlink to the about page.

<a href=”/about” title=”About”>About</a>Reload the homepage and you should now see a link that goes to the About page.

We have a problem though, we need to access the homepage in order to get to the new page we’ve created.

This is not how navigations are meant to work!.We could copy the link and insert it into the about.


php file, this isn't the way of doing it, but for now, you can add the hyperlink there to see how linking to each view works.

In the next article, I will show you the correct way of building up a navigation instead of repeating the HTML on every view we create.

We will be using layouts.

If you’ve enjoyed this article, give it a clap and share it amongst family & friends.

You never know, it may help them in their journey in learning laravel.

If you have any comments, feel free to use the comments box or tweet me at @mjcoder on twitter.

Have a look at my previous article Getting Started — Installing Laravel 5.

7 on Windows if you're new to my articles.

Thanks for reading.

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